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College can give your child opportunities you may not have had, and you don't have to be an expert to help her get there. A counselor at your child's high school will help you and your child select and apply to the schools that are right for her. Ask the counselor about college fairs, where representatives introduce schools, and about writing to schools for information. You should also plan to try to visit a few schools.
Many students have no idea what they want to study when they enroll in college. Most four-year schools require a broad course plan in English, humanities, science, and math that will help your child learn about and decide on areas of study. Again, a high school counselor can provide strategies to help your child focus on a field of interest.
Higher-education opportunities exist for just about everyone. Four-year colleges and universities offer Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degrees. Community, technical, and junior colleges offer programs that are two years or shorter, awarding an associate's degree. Some have open enrollment policies, meaning a high school diploma or equivalent is all that's required. Some emphasize training in specific fields, such as computer technician; others offer a general academic program. There are literally thousands of schools and programs of study to choose from. Many colleges also have programs that can help your child develop successful study habits and improve skills.
With so many high school students continuing their educations, colleges are filled with people from many different backgrounds. Colleges often have support networks and associations, such as an African American club or Korean study group, which can help your child find people with similar needs and interests. Part of your child's education will be interacting with people of various cultures, making her better prepared for the world after college.
Even with your encouragement, however, your child may not be ready to start college. Perhaps she says she needs a break from years of schooling. The idea of time off between high school and college can be worrisome for parents. It raises fears your child will never get the degree so crucial to success. In fact, experts say most teenagers who take time off do go on to college-and they're usually better, more motivated students than their peers.
If your child says she needs a break, consider together how she might spend the time, whether gaining job experience, volunteering, or traveling. Colleges will ask for an account of how this time was spent. A year full of rich, mind-expanding experiences will help a student's chances of admission, even if she has a poor high school record. Another option is to go through the college selection process and then defer for a year once accepted, an arrangement most colleges allow.
A college education can mean more money, more job choices, and greater knowledge for your child. While you can't make the decision about college for her, you can help her understand the opportunities and discover the education plan that's right for her.
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