State Ratings: Issues to Consider
The state rating is designed to hold your school accountable. It shows you, in a nutshell, how your school is performing and where your school stands in relation to other schools in the state.
By GreatSchools Staff
The state rating is designed to hold your school accountable for student learning. It shows you, in a nutshell, where your school stands in relation to other schools in the state.
What the State Rating Means
Several states have created state rating systems designed to show if schools are achieving standards set by the state, and to provide a quick way to compare schools within the state. The state rating is based primarily on how well students score on state standardized tests. It gives you a quick snapshot of the school. Some states also weigh into their ratings whether schools have shown improvement on test scores over time; attendance; performance by low-income students, special needs students and English language learners.
State Ratings Are Part of an Accountability System
States have introduced school ratings in response to public pressure to improve schools. Ratings are one part of an accountability system that typically includes standards for what students are taught, tests to measure whether students are learning what the standards spell out, and, in some states, rewards and penalties.
Different States, Different Ratings
California has the Academic Performance Index, Florida gives each school a grade from A to F, and Texas has the Texas Accountability Rating. These and 24 other states have devised their own system for rating schools. In California, the rating is based on scores on the California STAR tests, and whether or not students improve their scores from one year to the next. In Texas it is based on the state test, TAKS; dropout rates for grades 7 and 8; and school completion rates for grades 9 to 12. In Florida, the school grade is based on the overall performance on the state test, the FCAT; the percentage of eligible students who took the test; and whether or not students made progress in reading and math.
Other Factors to Consider
- No Child Left Behind. The federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) law adds a layer of accountability at the national level. Each state is required to test students annually in reading and math in grades 3 through 8, and at least once in grades 10 through 12. Students must be tested in science, too. Each state decides which tests to give and what the meaning of "proficient" is. Schools that don't meet goals for their overall student bodies or specific categories of students face penalties. Unlike NCLB, many states also provide rewards to schools that are making the grade, based on their state rating.
- NCLB rules don't always mesh with the state rating. Some states have found their state rating inconsistent with NCLB's harsher requirements. For example, in Florida, where the state rating is a grade of A-F, hundreds of schools have been given an A in Florida. But because they may have narrowly missed testing targets set by the federal government for a particular group of students within the school, they have been designated under NCLB as "in need of improvement" and face sanctions. Under NCLB a school either passes or fails, while the state rating takes into account progress toward improvement. As Congress considers whether to renew NCLB, these issues are bound to get attention and may result in more flexibility in the law.
- High school exit exams. In the drive for more accountability, many states are now holding students as well as schools accountable for their performance. In 26 states, students are now required or soon will be required to pass a test to graduate from high school. Currently, eight states require students to pass a test as one of the requirements to pass from one grade to the next. Looking at the school-wide results on these tests gives you an indication of how the school stacks up.