No two kids are alike, especially when it comes to hitting developmental benchmarks. But it helps to have a rough idea of which academic and social skills your child should acquire at his or her grade level. Learn more about the second-grade classroom in these subject areas: reading, writing, language arts, math, science, technology, social studies, art, music, and physical education. Or check your state’s academic standards to find out what students are required to learn.

By the end of the year, you can expect your child to:

  • Begin to reason and concentrate
  • Improve his ability to process information
  • Improve her focus on a specific task
  • Work cooperatively with a partner or small group
  • Understand the difference between right and wrong
  • Make connections between concepts so he will be better able to compare and contrast ideas
  • Expand his vocabulary
  • Correctly use irregular verbs
  • Read fluently with expression
  • Ask and answer who, what, where, when, why, and how questions about a piece of reading
  • Revise and edit a piece of writing
  • Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives
  • Recognize most irregularly spelled words such as because and upon
  • Begin to use a dictionary
  • Do mental math for single-digit addition and subtraction problems
  • Add single- and multi-digit numbers with regrouping
  • Demonstrate an understanding of place value
  • Tell time to the nearest five minutes, using AM and PM
  • Know the basic concept of multiplication (for example, 2 x 3 is two rows of three and 600 is six 100s)