Advertisement
Advertisement

GreatSchools Rating

Ridge Street Elementary School

Public | K-8 & ungraded | 570 students

We are best known for caring environment.

 

Be sure to visit

Take along one of
our checklists:

 
Last modified
Community Rating

5 stars

Community Rating by Year
2014:
No new ratings
2013:
No new ratings
2012:
Based on 1 rating
2011:
Based on 1 rating

Teacher quality

Principal leadership

Parent involvement

Rate this school

Click on stars to rate
Please select a star rating for this school.
    Helpful reviews answer questions:
  • What do you think others should know?
  • What do you like?
  • How could your school improve?
    Review Guidelines
    GreatSchools won’t post reviews that contain:
  • Inappropriate language
  • Allegations of criminal conduct
  • Names of students, teachers or staff
1200 characters remaining
Please read and accept our Terms of Use to join GreatSchools.
Please indicate your relationship to the school.
Registration is required to post your anonymous review
We will not display your name, photo or email address with your review.
OR
Your email address will never be published or shared.
Indicates a required field

38 reviews of this school


Sort by:
Show reviews by:
Posted June 8, 2012

This is the best school I have ever attended. The prinicpal knows every student by name! He is kind not to mention the staff. I don't remember a time I was happier then when I was in Ridge Street. They took us in lots of trips and they provided a good academic programs. I would recommend this school to anyone!


Posted January 21, 2011

I still don't know how his school rating is so high. My son is in the 8th grade and he hardly bring homework to the house. He alsways bring the same homework 1 or 2 exercises to finish from the math class and sometimes a paragraph to write for the writing class. I haven't seeing him reading or doing anything else. My daughter is on the 2nd grade in another school and have more homework than him. I am very disapointed. Will l what are they teaching him during the day? .
—Submitted by a parent


Posted September 25, 2010

my child has been going there since first grade and he has learned alot there because the staff really care about their students GO RIDGE!!!
—Submitted by a parent


Posted May 13, 2010

I guess we all agree... What is there not to love about ridge street! The staff at this school is just amazing, they truly care about our kids. The kids want to go to school and participate in activities. My kids are just a wonderful product of the love and encouragement ridge has given to them... Lets go Tigers!!
—Submitted by a parent


Posted May 13, 2010

I went to Ridge St and now my two children attend Ridge St., This is one of the best schools in Newark. I vote b/c I love and feel like this is a great school!!! Go Ridge Street!! Go Tigers!!!
—Submitted by a parent


Posted May 13, 2010

Because they help my kids to be success in the future
—Submitted by a parent


Posted May 12, 2010

what's not to love about Ridge Street School...it's a family...from the moment you walk into the school you feel welcomed. Parents, Teachers, Administrators, Staff and students all ensure a safe and healthy learning environment. It is truly what a school should be! The best!
—Submitted by a parent


Posted May 12, 2010

Teachers and staff are very involved and very caring.
—Submitted by a parent


Posted May 12, 2010

My niece and nephew have excelled at Ridge Street. The teachers and staff are wonderful and committed to the kids.
—Submitted by a parent


Posted May 12, 2010

Staff, parents and students work together to be the best we can be !!
—Submitted by a teacher


Posted May 12, 2010

It is an amazing family! I love working there and hopefully will continue too. The students, parents, and staff are all so close and work so nicely together.
—Submitted by a teacher


Posted May 12, 2010

There are wonderful teachers that work at this school & are there to help this school's children.
—Submitted by a parent


Posted May 12, 2010

It is like a home. Ridge Street has a staff like no where else. They are all warm and caring. Our attendance is high because the kids want to be there. It is the best school in Newark.
—Submitted by a parent


Posted November 4, 2009

Ridge St. School'd dedicated staff, teachers and principal make it a gem in Newark.


Posted November 4, 2009

Best school, my to oldest kids went there and graduate it with honors,now my little one will go there.Best principal and great staff.
—Submitted by a parent


Posted November 4, 2009

Bes school i could ever think of putting my child in. The teachers are great and the staff.
—Submitted by a parent


Posted November 2, 2009

I attended ridge street when I was a child and both my daughters, nieces, nephews and cousins are in attendance or have attended. I love this school, it promotes diversity and a lot of self assurance as much for the parents as for the kids!!!!
—Submitted by a parent


Posted October 29, 2009

I feel confident with this school, it's like part of our family already
—Submitted by a parent


Posted October 29, 2009

Ridgestreet school promotes diversity and social network not only for students but the community as a whole.


Posted October 29, 2009

Home of Newark's best students'
—Submitted by a parent


Community ratings and reviews do not represent the views of GreatSchools nor does GreatSchools check their accuracy or verify the reviewers' identities. Use your discretion when evaluating these reviews.

About these ratings

The Community Rating is the school’s average rating from its community members (e.g., parents, students, and school staff). The highest possible rating is five stars; the lowest is one star.

The test results by subgroup show how the designated group of students is performing in comparison to the general population.
Language Arts Literacy

The state average for Language Arts Literacy was 66% in 2013.

68 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
76%

2012

 
 
64%

2011

 
 
68%

2010

 
 
59%
Math

The state average for Math was 78% in 2013.

68 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
84%

2012

 
 
70%

2011

 
 
86%

2010

 
 
78%
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) to test students in grades 3 through 8 in language arts literacy and math, and in grades 4 and 8 in science. The NJ ASK is a standards-based test, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined for each grade by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Language Arts Literacy

The state average for Language Arts Literacy was 59% in 2013.

70 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
66%

2012

 
 
81%

2011

 
 
62%

2010

 
 
72%
Math

The state average for Math was 78% in 2013.

70 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
87%

2012

 
 
93%

2011

 
 
82%

2010

 
 
89%
Science

The state average for Science was 90% in 2013.

70 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
93%

2012

 
 
97%

2011

 
 
92%

2010

 
 
100%
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) to test students in grades 3 through 8 in language arts literacy and math, and in grades 4 and 8 in science. The NJ ASK is a standards-based test, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined for each grade by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Language Arts Literacy

The state average for Language Arts Literacy was 61% in 2013.

68 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
75%

2012

 
 
66%

2011

 
 
69%

2010

 
 
62%
Math

The state average for Math was 80% in 2013.

68 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
84%

2012

 
 
88%

2011

 
 
87%

2010

 
 
79%
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) to test students in grades 3 through 8 in language arts literacy and math, and in grades 4 and 8 in science. The NJ ASK is a standards-based test, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined for each grade by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Language Arts Literacy

The state average for Language Arts Literacy was 66% in 2013.

70 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
54%

2012

 
 
61%

2011

 
 
73%

2010

 
 
64%
Math

The state average for Math was 79% in 2013.

70 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
76%

2012

 
 
75%

2011

 
 
82%

2010

 
 
73%
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) to test students in grades 3 through 8 in language arts literacy and math, and in grades 4 and 8 in science. The NJ ASK is a standards-based test, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined for each grade by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Language Arts Literacy

The state average for Language Arts Literacy was 65% in 2013.

66 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
67%

2012

 
 
46%

2011

 
 
66%

2010

 
 
74%
Math

The state average for Math was 64% in 2013.

66 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
53%

2012

 
 
42%

2011

 
 
70%

2010

 
 
41%
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) to test students in grades 3 through 8 in language arts literacy and math, and in grades 4 and 8 in science. The NJ ASK is a standards-based test, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined for each grade by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Language Arts Literacy

The state average for Language Arts Literacy was 82% in 2013.

67 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
70%

2012

 
 
84%

2011

 
 
83%

2010

 
 
83%
Math

The state average for Math was 69% in 2013.

67 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
45%

2012

 
 
68%

2011

 
 
54%

2010

 
 
51%
Science

The state average for Science was 79% in 2013.

67 students were tested at this school in 2013.

2013

 
 
54%

2012

 
 
76%

2011

 
 
72%

2010

 
 
88%
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) to test students in grades 3 through 8 in language arts literacy and math, and in grades 4 and 8 in science. The NJ ASK is a standards-based test, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined for each grade by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Language Arts Literacy

All Students76%
Female86%
Male70%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic74%
Pacific Islandern/a
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged75%
Not economically disadvantaged85%
Special educationn/a
General education80%
English language learners69%
Not migrant76%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Former69%
Limited English Proficient Formern/a

Math

All Students84%
Female89%
Male80%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic82%
Pacific Islandern/a
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged84%
Not economically disadvantaged85%
Special educationn/a
General education84%
English language learners92%
Not migrant84%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Former92%
Limited English Proficient Formern/a
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) to test students in grades 3 through 8 in language arts literacy and math, and in grades 4 and 8 in science. The NJ ASK is a standards-based test, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined for each grade by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level.

The different student groups are identified by the New Jersey Department of Education. If there are a small number of students in a particular group, the state doesn't report data for that group.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Language Arts Literacy

All Students66%
Female74%
Male60%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic66%
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged66%
Not economically disadvantagedn/a
Special educationn/a
General education67%
English language learners86%
Not migrant66%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Former86%
Limited English Proficient Formern/a

Math

All Students87%
Female96%
Male81%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic85%
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged87%
Not economically disadvantagedn/a
Special educationn/a
General education94%
English language learners100%
Not migrant87%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Former100%
Limited English Proficient Formern/a

Science

All Students93%
Female96%
Male91%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic92%
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged92%
Not economically disadvantagedn/a
Special educationn/a
General education98%
English language learners100%
Not migrant93%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Former100%
Limited English Proficient Formern/a
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) to test students in grades 3 through 8 in language arts literacy and math, and in grades 4 and 8 in science. The NJ ASK is a standards-based test, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined for each grade by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level.

The different student groups are identified by the New Jersey Department of Education. If there are a small number of students in a particular group, the state doesn't report data for that group.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Language Arts Literacy

All Students75%
Female83%
Male62%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic77%
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged72%
Not economically disadvantagedn/a
Special educationn/a
General education77%
English language learnersn/a
Not migrant75%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Formern/a
Limited English Proficient Formern/a

Math

All Students84%
Female83%
Male85%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic85%
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged82%
Not economically disadvantagedn/a
Special educationn/a
General education87%
English language learnersn/a
Not migrant84%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Formern/a
Limited English Proficient Formern/a
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) to test students in grades 3 through 8 in language arts literacy and math, and in grades 4 and 8 in science. The NJ ASK is a standards-based test, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined for each grade by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level.

The different student groups are identified by the New Jersey Department of Education. If there are a small number of students in a particular group, the state doesn't report data for that group.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Language Arts Literacy

All Students54%
Female68%
Male45%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic56%
Pacific Islandern/a
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged58%
Not economically disadvantagedn/a
Special educationn/a
General education60%
English language learnersn/a
Not migrant54%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Formern/a
Limited English Proficient Formern/a

Math

All Students76%
Female89%
Male67%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic81%
Pacific Islandern/a
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged81%
Not economically disadvantagedn/a
Special educationn/a
General education83%
English language learnersn/a
Not migrant76%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Formern/a
Limited English Proficient Formern/a
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) to test students in grades 3 through 8 in language arts literacy and math, and in grades 4 and 8 in science. The NJ ASK is a standards-based test, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined for each grade by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level.

The different student groups are identified by the New Jersey Department of Education. If there are a small number of students in a particular group, the state doesn't report data for that group.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Language Arts Literacy

All Students67%
Female71%
Male63%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic65%
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged64%
Not economically disadvantaged82%
Special educationn/a
General education68%
English language learnersn/a
Not migrant67%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Formern/a
Limited English Proficient Formern/a

Math

All Students53%
Female53%
Male53%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic54%
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged49%
Not economically disadvantaged73%
Special educationn/a
General education55%
English language learnersn/a
Not migrant53%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Formern/a
Limited English Proficient Formern/a
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) to test students in grades 3 through 8 in language arts literacy and math, and in grades 4 and 8 in science. The NJ ASK is a standards-based test, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined for each grade by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level.

The different student groups are identified by the New Jersey Department of Education. If there are a small number of students in a particular group, the state doesn't report data for that group.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Language Arts Literacy

All Students70%
Female63%
Male79%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic70%
Pacific Islandern/a
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged70%
Not economically disadvantagedn/a
Special educationn/a
General education74%
English language learnersn/a
Not migrant70%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Formern/a
Limited English Proficient Formern/a

Math

All Students45%
Female47%
Male41%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic43%
Pacific Islandern/a
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged44%
Not economically disadvantagedn/a
Special educationn/a
General education50%
English language learnersn/a
Not migrant45%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Formern/a
Limited English Proficient Formern/a

Science

All Students54%
Female53%
Male55%
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanic52%
Pacific Islandern/a
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantaged51%
Not economically disadvantagedn/a
Special educationn/a
General education62%
English language learnersn/a
Not migrant54%
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Formern/a
Limited English Proficient Formern/a
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) to test students in grades 3 through 8 in language arts literacy and math, and in grades 4 and 8 in science. The NJ ASK is a standards-based test, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined for each grade by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level.

The different student groups are identified by the New Jersey Department of Education. If there are a small number of students in a particular group, the state doesn't report data for that group.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Biology I

The state average for Biology I was 58% in 2013.

2013

 
 
n/a

2012

 
 
n/a
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Biology Competency Test (NJBCT) to assess students in Biology. The New Jersey Biology Competency Test (NJBCT) is standards-based, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level on the test.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

Biology I

All Studentsn/a
Femalen/a
Malen/a
Blackn/a
Asiann/a
Hispanicn/a
Pacific Islandern/a
Whiten/a
Other ethnicityn/a
Economically disadvantagedn/a
Not economically disadvantagedn/a
Special educationn/a
General educationn/a
English language learnersn/a
Not migrantn/a
Limited English Proficient Current Plus Formern/a
Limited English Proficient Formern/a
Scale: % at or above proficient

About the tests


In 2012-2013 New Jersey used the New Jersey Biology Competency Test (NJBCT) to assess students in Biology. The New Jersey Biology Competency Test (NJBCT) is standards-based, which means it measures how well students are mastering specific skills defined by the state of New Jersey. The goal is for all students to score at or above the proficient level on the test.

The different student groups are identified by the New Jersey Department of Education. If there are a small number of students in a particular group, the state doesn't report data for that group.

Source: New Jersey Department of Education

What is the GreatSchools Rating?

The GreatSchools rating is a simple tool for parents to compare schools based on test scores, student academic growth, and college readiness. It compares schools across the state, where the highest rated schools in the state are designated as “Above Average” and the lowest “Below Average.” It is designed to be a starting point to help parents make baseline comparisons. We always advise parents to visit the school and consider other information on school performance and programs, as well as consider their child's and family's needs as part of the school selection process.

 
Below average

Test score rating
Student growth rating

1-3 Below Average

4-7 Average

8-10 Above Average

 

How schools in the state rate:

25%
of schools in the state are Below average
48%
of schools in the state are Average
26%
of schools in the state are Above average

Breaking down the GreatSchools Rating

The graphs below compare this school's results in each area to other schools in the district and state.

Test score rating 20131What's this?

Test score rating examines how students at this school performed on standardized tests compared with other schools in the state.

Close
This school
District
State
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Student growth rating 20132What's this?

Student growth rating measures whether students at this school are making academic progress over time. Specifically, the rating looks at how much progress individual students have made on reading and math assessments during the past year or more.

Close
This school
District
State
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Math growth at this school

Below Average

Reading growth at this school

Below Average


1 This rating is based on 2012-13 NJ ASK, HSPA, and/or NJBCT results from the New Jersey Department of Education.

2 This rating is based on 2012-13 Median Growth Percentiles in math and reading from from the New Jersey Department of Education.

Student ethnicity

Ethnicity This school State average
Hispanic 89% 22%
Black 8% 16%
Asian or Asian/Pacific Islander 2% 9%
White 2% 51%
American Indian/Alaska Native 0% 0%
Hawaiian Native/Pacific Islander 0% 0%
Two or more races 0% 1%
Source: NCES, 2011-2012

Student subgroups

  This school District averageState average
Students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch program 84%N/A34%
Source: NCES, 2011-2012

Teacher resources

Special staff resources available to students Art teacher(s)
Foreign languages spoken by school staff Italian
Spanish
Portuguese
Read more about programs at this school
Source: Provided by school officials and community members.

Let your school shine!

School leaders: Help your school shine on GreatSchools
by verifying community responses, adding program highlights
and more! Get started »

Arts & music

Staff resources available to students
  • Art teacher(s)
Visual arts
  • Painting
  • Photography
Music
  • Choir / Chorus
  • Vocal lessons / coaching

Language learning

Bi-lingual or language immersion programs offered
  • Spanish
Foreign languages taught
  • Spanish
Foreign languages spoken by staff
  • Italian
  • Portuguese
  • Spanish
Note: Data provided by school administrators and community.
School leaders, update and verify information here.

Let your school shine!

School leaders: Help your school shine on GreatSchools
by verifying community responses, adding program highlights
and more! Get started »

School basics

School start time
  • 8:20 am
School end time
  • 3:05 pm
Before school or after school care / program onsite
  • After school
School Leader's name
  • Mr Emil Garruto
Special schedule
  • Extended/longer school day
Fax number
  • (973) 268-5283

Programs

Bi-lingual or language immersion programs offered

Don't understand these terms?
  • Spanish
Foreign languages taught
  • Spanish

Resources

Staff resources available to students
  • Art teacher(s)
Foreign languages spoken by staff
  • Italian
  • Portuguese
  • Spanish
Extra learning resources offered
  • Title I Schoolwide program (SWP)
Transportation options
  • Passes/tokens for public transportation
School facilities
  • Cafeteria
Note: Data provided by school administrators and community.
School leaders, update and verify information here.

Let your school shine!

School leaders: Help your school shine on GreatSchools
by verifying community responses, adding program highlights
and more! Get started »

Sports

Boys sports
  • Basketball
  • Swimming
Girls sports
  • Basketball
  • Cheerleading
  • Swimming

Arts & music

Visual arts
  • Painting
  • Photography
Music
  • Choir / Chorus
  • Vocal lessons / coaching
Note: Data provided by school administrators and community.
School leaders, update and verify information here.

Upcoming Events

No upcoming events found for this school
Searching for school events...
Date
Title
  • {{date}}
    {{title}}
Export calendar
Outlook.com
Microsoft Outlook
iCal Format
Google Calendar
Print Calendar
Uploading, please wait...
POWERED BY
Tandem

School culture

Dress Code
  • Uniforms
Note: Data provided by school administrators and community.
School leaders, update and verify information here.

Apply

 

TIP: Don't forget to ask about documents required for enrollment, such as your child's birth certificate, proof of address, or a record of immunizations.

 
Apply now
Notice an inaccuracy? Let us know!

735 Ridge St
Newark, NJ 07104
Website: Click here
Phone: (973) 268-5210

ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT

Compare this school
to nearby schools

Compare schools »

Compare

Add this school to compare

Nearby schools


New Park School
Newark, NJ






ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT