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Is It ADHD or Something Else?

Consider these factors to help determine what is causing your child's attention or hyperactivity problem.

By Kristin Stanberry

Are you preparing to have your child evaluated for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD)? If so, you may be aware that there is currently no medical test available to diagnose the condition. Much of your child's assessment will be based on information you, your spouse, caregivers, and teachers provide. You will be asked specific questions about your child's health, behavior, and school performance. Your answers will greatly assist the doctor in making a correct diagnosis.

To prepare for the evaluation, take a holistic (whole) view of your child. ADHD can cause behavior that appears inattentive, impulsive, or hyperactive - or any combination of these. But there are many other conditions and situations that can cause behavior that "looks like" ADHD. When you give the doctor a holistic view of your child, he may then pinpoint problems other than ADHD. Below are some factors to think about before you see the doctor.

General Health

  • Does your child eat healthy foods that support his growing body? Does he eat a good breakfast before heading to school? Children usually pay attention better if they are well fed and their energy levels don't change too much during the day.
  • Could she have health problems that affect her attention or behavior? For example, uncorrected hearing and vision problems might keep her from responding to you or her teacher. She might appear inattentive.
  • If your child takes medication, make sure you're aware of all possible side effects. Certain medications can cause a person to feel drowsy, dizzy, or nervous. His behavior can then appear inattentive, impulsive, or hyperactive. This applies to prescription and over-the-counter medications.

Sleeping Habits

An over-tired child may have trouble staying awake and focused. Ask yourself these questions:

  • Does your child sleep soundly?
  • How many hours does she usually sleep each night? 8 to 11 hours of sleep is considered healthy for most kids.
  • Does he suffer from insomnia?
  • Does she wake up often because of nightmares or bedwetting?
  • Is there a lot of noise (music, television) inside your home at night?
  • Is he kept awake by outside noise, such as traffic or barking dogs?

Home Environment

  • Does your family follow a regular routine at home? Do meals, homework sessions, and bedtime occur at about the same times each day? Many children feel secure and focused when they know what to expect.
  • Does your child have a quiet, organized space at home for reading and doing homework? Clutter and noise can make it hard to concentrate.

Kristin Stanberry is a writer and editor specializing in parenting, education, and consumer health/wellness issues. Her areas of expertise include learning disabilities and AD/HD, which she wrote about extensively for Schwab Learning and GreatSchools.