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By Jan Baumel, M.S.
Primary Language: Language the child first learned, or the language that's spoken in the home
Procedural Safeguards: Legal requirements that ensure parents and kids will be treated fairly and equally in the decision-making process about special education
Pupil Records: Personal information about the child that is kept by the school system and is available for review by legal guardians and others directly involved in her education
Referral: Written request for assessment to see if the student is a "child with a disability" who needs special education and related services to benefit from her general education program
Resiliency: Ability to pursue personal goals and bounce back from challenges
Resource Specialist Program (RSP): Students receiving special education instruction can be "pulled out" of the regular education classroom for special assistance during specific periods of the day or week and are taught by credentialed resource specialists
Retention: The practice of having a student repeat a certain grade level (year) in school; also called "grade retention"
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act: Federal civil rights law requiring school programs and buildings to be accessible to children with disabilities; protects from discrimination
Self-Advocacy: Child's ability to explain specific learning needs and seek necessary assistance or accommodations
Special Day Class (SDC): Students in Special Day Classes (SDC) are enrolled in self-contained special education classes. They are assigned to these classes by their IEP eligibility and receive support from the Special Day Class teacher and the support staff.
Special Education: Specially designed instruction to meet the unique needs of eligible kids whose educational needs can't be met through modification of the regular instructional program; provides for a range of options for services, such as pull-out programs, special day classes; available to kids enrolled in public schools
Transition: Process of preparing kids to function in future environments and emphasizing movement from one educational program to another, such as from elementary school to middle school, or from school to work
Visual Processing: Among kids with normal sight, the ability to interpret visual information.
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