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By Sally Shaywitz, M.D.
These clues across the life span offer a portrait of dyslexia. Examine them carefully, think about them, and determine if any of these clues fit your child, you, or someone else you are close to. Look for clues in the weaknesses and strengths. Identifying the weaknesses makes it possible to spot dyslexia in children before they are expected to read and in adults after they have developed some degree of reading accuracy but are continuing to show the remnants of earlier problems, reading slowly and with great effort.
If you think you or your child has some of these problems, it is important to note how frequent they are and how many there are. You don't need to worry about isolated clues or ones that appear very rarely. For you to be concerned, the symptoms must be persistent; anyone can mispronounce a word now and then, or confuse similar-sounding words occasionally. What you are looking for is a persistent pattern - the occurrence of a number of these symptoms over a prolonged period of time. That represents a likelihood of dyslexia.
Sally Shaywitz, M.D., is the Audrey G. Ratner Professor in Learning Development at the Yale University School of Medicine. She and her husband are codirectors of the Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity. Recognized as one of the country’s top doctors, Shaywitz has devoted her career to helping children and adults who are dyslexic.
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