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Nonverbal learning disabilities

Read answers to some of the most common questions about this well-publicized -- but somewhat controversial -- disorder.

By Anastasia Hubbard, M.S. , Brenda Smith Myles, Ph.D.

Locating consistent, reliable information about nonverbal learning disabilities (often referred to as NLD or NVLD) is a challenge for parents because it has yet to be clearly defined and accepted by many educators and other professionals as a distinct disorder. Nevertheless, parents often seek information about this often-publicized and somewhat controversial disorder. In this article, we will answer some of the most common questions parents ask about nonverbal learning disabilities.

What is nonverbal learning disability (NLD)? Is it a distinct diagnostic category?

Nonverbal learning disability (NLD) is believed by some to be a neuropsychological disability. Although it has been studied for the past 30 years (by Byron Rourke, Ph.D. and others), it has not yet been included as a diagnostic category in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV TR). Many characteristics associated with NLD are similar to those that describe other, more "established" disorders, such as Asperger's Syndrome and specific learning disabilities.

For a professional's perspective on NLD, we turned to Brenda Smith Myles, Ph.D., an associate professor at the University of Kansas and editor of Intervention in School and Clinic, a practitioner-oriented journal designed to provide practical, research-based ideas to educators who work with students with severe learning disabilities and emotional/behavior problems. Dr. Smith Myles says, "Additional research and better diagnostic tools are required to clearly define the characteristics of NLD and determine whether or not it can be considered a distinct disorder."

For the time being, let's review how this disorder is defined - and how it might apply to your child.

What characteristics are associated with NLD?

NLD is usually defined by a distinct pattern of specific strengths and difficulties.

Individuals thought to have NLD typically demonstrate strengths in the following areas:

  • Intelligence quotient (IQ) which is typically in the average to above-average range. Children with NLD tend to have verbal IQ scores that are higher than their performance scores, a factor that distinguishes them from kids with language-based learning disabilities such as dyslexia.
  • Rote verbal and expressive and receptive language skills, such as the ability to memorize and repeat a great deal of information presented to them in spoken form. They also exhibit early language development.
  • Auditory processing skills, which entail learning better through hearing information, rather than seeing it (visual processing)

Individuals thought to have NLD generally experience difficulties in several broad categories:

  • Motor skills, such as graphomotor skills (related to printing and cursive writing), physical coordination, and balance
  • Complex conceptual skills involved in problem-solving, understanding cause-effect relationships, and seeing the "big picture" versus focusing on details
  • Visual-spatial-organizational skills, such as visualizing information and understanding spatial relations
  • Social skills, such as using and understanding nonverbal communication (e.g., gestures, facial expressions), dealing with new information and situations, transitioning between situations, conversation skills, and understanding the nuances of spoken language (e.g., hidden meanings, figurative language)
  • Activity level: hyperactivity (when younger), and hypoactivity (as they grow older)1

What type of professional is qualified to identify NLD, and what type of testing is used?

The "diagnosis" of NLD is normally made by neuropsychologists and clinical psychologists. Such professionals assess NLD using a battery of tests that cover abilities such as:

  • intelligence
  • motor and psychomotor
  • tactile-perceptual
  • visual-spatial-organizational
  • auditory-perceptual
  • auditory and visual attention/memory
  • problem solving
  • language
  • academic achievement
  • personality/adaptive behavior

NLD is difficult to diagnose because its manifestations change significantly depending on the child's age. In general, the deficits involved in NLD get worse as the child gets older. For example, a preschooler with NLD may have exceptional verbal skills and speak like a little adult. During his younger years, the challenges a student with NLD faces are often overlooked because of his high intelligence level and verbal strength.2 As the child matures and encounters school work and social situations that require abilities such as abstract thinking and nonverbal communication, his deficits in those areas will become more apparent and problematic.

Parents tell us they get conflicting information about NLD from educators and other professionals. Is there consensus among professionals regarding the validity of NLD as a syndrome?

Brenda Smith Myles explains, "One reason why parents receive mixed messages about the existence of NLD is the fact that the disorder is viewed very differently by the psychological and education communities. At this time, very few schools will acknowledge that a child has NLD based on neuropsychological test results alone. However, if standardized testing reveals a discrepancy between the child's IQ and his academic performance, some schools will refer the student for special education services."

How might having NLD affect a child's academic performance?

Students thought to have NLD generally do well in areas that relate to concrete thinking but have difficulty in areas that relate to abstract thinking. The research done to date has yet to prove how the cognitive limitations of NLD directly impact a child's academic performance. Nevertheless, consider how having NLD might apply to math, reading, and conceptual learning.

  • It may be difficult for a child with NLD to understand math concepts and solve problems, but he may have no trouble applying a mathematical formula which he has been explicitly taught. Additionally, due to his poor spatial-organization ability, he may have difficulty aligning problems on a page to solve them correctly.
  • With regard to reading, a student with NLD may have strong word decoding skills, but may experience difficulty with reading comprehension, as he may miss inferences, have difficulty visualizing a story, and may not see the "big picture."
  • Children with NLD also experience difficulty when information on assignments and tests is not presented in the exact format in which it was taught. For example, if a child with NLD learned about neighborhoods in social studies using a matching format he may have trouble answering true/false questions about the same information.

How does NLD impact a child's social life and communication skills?

Because of their uneven profile of strengths and challenges, children with NLD may experience difficulty in their interactions with adults and peers. Children with NLD usually have strong verbal skills; consequently, adults may hold unreasonably high expectations of them. Peers may not understand a child with NLD; for example, peers may be unaware of the child's inability to understand nonverbal communication and therefore may not know how to interact with him. A child with NLD tends to take things literally and often misses the point of humor or misinterprets good-natured teasing.

Does having a diagnosis of NLD mean a child is eligible for special education services?

Children who have been identified as having NLD may qualify for special education services under the "learning disabilities" or "other health impairments" category included in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. At this time, only one state, New Hampshire, appears to recognize nonverbal learning disability as a specific learning disability. Because the categorization of NLD varies from state to state, parents will want to check on the education laws in their particular state.

Looking to the future

Much remains to be learned about the nature and characteristics of NLD, as well as the most effective ways to work with and support children with the disorder. Future research and the development of effective diagnostic tools will facilitate a better understanding of this complex disability.


  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV), TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000
  • Foss, J.M. (1991). Nonverbal learning disabilities and remedial interventions in Annals of Dyslexia, 41, 128-140.
  • Matte, R.R., & Bolaski, J.A. (1998). Nonverbal learning disabilities: An overview, Intervention in School and Clinic, 34(1), 39-42.
  • Morris, S. (2002). Promoting social skills among students with nonverbal learning disabilities. Teaching Exceptional Children, 34(3), 66-70.
  • Myles, B. S., Trautman, M. L., & Schelvan, R. L. (2004). The hidden curriculum: Practical solutions for understanding unstated rules in social situations. Shawnee Mission, KS: Autism Asperger Publishing Company.
  • Thompson, S. (1996). Nonverbal learning disorders. Retrieved January 26, 1998.
  • Tsatsanis, K.D. (2000, March). Nonverbal learning disabilities. Presented at the Special Education Resource Center (SERC) Forum to Discuss Social Skills Training Programs for Children and Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Nonverbal Disabilities, Bristol, CT.

Comments from readers

"I would like to know what you would say to a student who was a "LD" child, (only in math). One who only went to the grade 6 and was latter tested in her 30s at grade 3 math and college level Literature and Arts. What would you say to a student who has been in college on and off for 22 years, has 79 credits and was just told that an AA or AS is unattainable with her "math disability"? What would you say..... "
"To Desperate Mom of 2/28 post: I have a 19 year old with NLD. Misdiagnosed unti 17. Just finishing 1st year at out of state big 12 school. It's been a disaster, as expected. (We let her try.). I am looking into the University of Arizona. They have a SALT program for LD kids. Read "From The Inside Out". Written by NLD College student. Some of these kids go to multiple schools-- most, in fact, do. He has made it this far!!! If he must say local or stay where he is, find a graduate student (PhD or LD specialist) willing to meet with him 2-3 times per week. We are using meds right now to deal with anxiety and self-esteem issues. good luck! "
"I have a 21 yr old son, who is about to be asked to leave his college because of NLD. His self-esteem is plummeting and has taken to blaming me for his learning difficulties.Please refer me to specialist on NLD in Los Angeles area that can help him transition into adult life accepting his condition. Desperate Mom "
"For the parent 10-10-11. I would look for a placement with a teacher who is not going to teach your child in the traditional way. ABA behavioral plans are not the answers. ABA is the buzz word plan for any autism spectrum person who is not behaving, but there is NO DATA that proves it helps any child. There is much information that it damages children and makes them feel hopeless. If a child is having a behavior problem then the school team of professionals 1st order of business should be to find out WHY. Instead ABA will only coerce the child's behavior into behaving the way they deem acceptable and makes their job easier. A child acts out when they are not engaged and if a teacher cannot teach then they are failing at teaching. Do not medicate or put your child on a behavior plan because the teachers cannot teach . Find a teacher who can teach him. The supporters and makers of the ABA plan say there is proof but it is not conclusive or long term. A positive endorsem! ent from the team making money off the plan is not concrete evidence, it is a marketing maneuver. You need to find a teacher who can think outside the box and will treat your child a valuable member of society just as he is. Find a someone that will work with him outside the school on a one on one teaching style that your child's brain gets. If you can't find that person, become that person and just bite off the responsibility of your child's education. You know him better than anyone you are his 1st teacher. The schools want to force your child to learn in the way they teach everyone else. That doesn't work with some children and all ABA will do is modify his behavior with drills that will teach him his needs and wants do not matter only the approval of the team administrating the drills. ABA is inhumane and should be outlawed. Go to Aspies for Freedom and read what some of the adults have to say about it who had it implemented on themselves. Don't take the words o! f the people selling the system as truth. Yes behavior modifi! cation changes behavior but it does not teach the kids anything academically or help them learn. It is behavior modification pure and simple by wearing the child down to be what the administrator facilitating the program deem acceptable. Personally I'de like to modify some of the ABA administrator's behaviors and make them into feeling caring people again. "
"I was diagnosed with NonVerbal Learning Disorder (age:16) and ADD (age:5). I'm interested in getting an accurate diagnosis and was wondering if anyone knows a specialist that's in Daytona Beach or Ormond Beach, FL and that accepts Cigna Ins. ? "
"This is in reply to 10-10-2011: You need to request someone who is BCBA and who will come in and set up a behavior system for your child. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is what most behaviorists use and will work if he is struggling. If he has a difficult time verbalizing himself they need to set up a system to help him to that. The speech therapist can do social stories with him about different ways to express himself. If he needs a cuing system like a green cards means he's ok, a yellow card means he is frustrated, and a red card means he is angry and needs to go to a safe place to calm down. There are a million things that schools can set into place! The only this is, is that it will be work for the teacher and other staff....but that is at first, once they get the bxs under control less effort will have to be used. Hope that helps....let me know if you have any other questions. :) "
"have any of you tried a product called Nanopro? It is colostrum and I have had a good deal of improvement with my own spatial reasoning. I tried it out of the blue and I have noticed a more greater apptitude for concentration and memory. thanks "
"Non verbal communication, may come as separation anxiety, may have implications of short term memory, may exhibit sterility, or extinction of fear, and may be a trait found in a person who responds poorly to all effectual prompts. "
"my son is 6years old and needs help. The boardof education of New York City has tried to be helpful but He is not learning in their special ed classes. He is unattentive and is becoming labeled asa behavior because he doesnt want to do his work. He gets OPT. Speech and I need help. Where can I find a school that understands his needs. I am lost and helpless.They havent fully dignose him.he has very little verbal skill but he is good with memory. "
"I live in ms. I am willing to relocate. I have 2 boys that have been diagnosed with a mixed expressive receptive language disorder. The school has been of very little help. I am looking for a school that can educate them but still be affordable. Can anyone help? Please??? "
"Would you please let me know of the best schools for a child with nld? We are willing to relocate anywhere as this disorder is getting in the way of our 11 year old's child's education. We are finding that educating our 18 year old son with Aspergers is less of a challenge. Thank you for any help! "
"My daughters were diagnosed with NVLD, with a primary disability related to ocular motor dysfunction: problems with near focus convergence, coordinated eye movements, nystagmus caused by fatigue trying to control sustained near focus eye movements (for example, during standardized testing for 2+hours or more, or copying from a blackboard to paper). Both had very poor balance, poor sense of direction, poor peripheral vision, poor coordination of fine motor eye/hand movements and poor ability to learn sequences without a lot of extra practice and step by step examples to follow. One has extraordinary auditory memory (98%) ability, the other requires kinetic movement to internalize rote information and processes. The NVLD conditions appear to be both neuorologically based and hereditary. My older child is now on the Dean's list at college studying to become a middle school teacher, having learned to work around her disabilities in part through physio/neurological therapy involving a customized program of Tae Kwon Do. She is now a blackbelt in Martial Arts after being unable to ride a bicycle until age 12. Where she was unable to write a paragraph independently in 6th grade or read, she is now excelling in her history and English classes. So you cannot generalize strengths and weaknesses for children with NVLD, and you must find a way to help your child work around them according to their individual strengths and weaknesses."
"We have 13 yr old son recently dx NLD and anxiety. Would live to find a therapist in St Paul , Minnesota that has experience in both areas. Anyone know of one?"
"Our daughter has NLD and we're moving to jacksonville Florida. Any suggestion on schools."
"yet to be clearly defined and accepted by many educators and other professionals as a distinct disorder. Nevertheless, parents often seek information about this often-publicized and somewhat controversial disorder. This might be the single worst article I have EVER SEEN anywhere-- No controversy - white matter deficiency in addition to other proven scientific research..... I could go on and on regarding the MISINFORMATION in this article but I would rather spend time helping my son with articles that are valid and informative "
" Dr. Smith Myles says, 'Additional research and better diagnostic tools are required to clearly define the characteristics of NLD and determine whether or not it can be considered a distinct disorder.' I MUST add this for all parents of children with NLD/NVLD YALE- UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE HAS DONE EXTENSIVE RESEARCH AND THE FACTS REGARDING NLD CAN BE FOUND ON THEIR WEBSITE. THERE ARE SEVERAL DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS USED TODAY THAT CLEARLY DEFINE THIS DISORDER I SEE THE AUTHOR IS FROM UNIV OF KANSAS - GREAT BASKETBALL YALE - GREAT MEDICAL SCHOOL "
"I am trying to understand this fully as my daughter has turners syndrome and reading the above sounds very much like her. Although she spoke late. Yet only a blood test has been given. Sadly she is 22 years old and the conditon was missed. She was orignally dinagosed with receptive language problems. I am trying to get her some extra help but none is coming. She left school with no exams to speak of. Has a maths problems which is now known as turner's. I wondered what help do schools normally give children with turner's syndrome?"
"My son is 15 he was diog. with nvld this year in 4th grade I was told it was anxiety. He always made a-b's except for math. He was reading at the age of 4. I always said if he could read math he would be a straight a student. Now that he is in High School it is getting harder for him. I have been trying to find a neurolgist and patholgist in this area that can work with him over the summer but, no one in this area seems to know much about it. He is in a private school that is doing everything they can to accomidate him and he has his 504 paper work done. It took a year of dr.appt., testing, waiting on test results, change meds before the school could help. If you know of any dr. in the louisiana area that can help me please let me know. thank you"
"I live in Va. I have a 10 year old daughter that has severe anxiety and what we think is NLD. We are having a hard time obtaining a diagnosis because of the anxiety. Where can we go to get this figured out? We are willing to travel to Richmond, Northern VA and/or Baltimore. Any suggestions would be great. Thanks."
"I blog about NLD because I have it, and too few have heard of it. Please look my blog up at:, and let me know what you think. Thanks."
"what happens when you 'the parent' has the disorder and has been 'told' at the age 36 (I already new in school and didn't understand why or why no one understood me or she's just not doing it.Then on the other side you get it cause they feel sorry for you and give it and still you are back to,ok I shood haven't said any thing at all!(how about that for selfsteem)until i had my first child he is 11years old and in 4th grade I knew when he was 3years old that he was more than the active boy Ah! what? you going todo drug him up! yes I have been on that side of the fence with the family,as if I already didn't have the single mother stamped across my forhead.I have told the schools sence 1st grade, he is not getting it and when he is its not but just enuff to get by.He has been tested for ADHD and has LD and meds. IEP and mettings reading resorce, math resorce an still dosen't seem to help.At school teachers say that he is a good and polight student he dosen't give them a hard time and wish they had more like him,but sometimes he ! is easly distracked and getts off task and has to be redirected but they say they all do.True. but mike also wants to pleas everybody and wants to fade in the background to.He dosen't want to get called on cause he's ether lost or dosen't know it.Then when he does say or ask its totaly so far off or only has bits and peaces and then he dose have it today and want the next.I feel like I am not going anything but the thing is I can go to the parent classes, surf the net read, ask questions and still don't get it cause it's like i was in class and hear you talking but do i realy understand or konw how to use what you do know or how to put the info in motion when you don't know yourself till you see what your kids feeling because of things that you have gone threw.pleas hepl the not get it mom . "
"My daughter is 11(almost 12) and has NVLD. Charter schools have been wonderful for her. They are small so she can get around without getting lost in the crowd of kids. She is having alot of trouble with homework and remembering to hand it in. She also have Type 1 diabetes - with the costs associated with her diabetes we cannot afford private school for high school. Her charter school ends in 8th grade. I do not know what I will do about High school. Does anyone have any suggestions."
"Thank you for providing the information that is so important to the people that struggle with it. After years of frustration with our sons school we have at his sophmore year end decided to home school as a result of his growing frustation with an uncooperative environment. We have been pushed so hard to treat NLD with inapprpriate drugs that we have decided that our child deserves a better opportunity to succeed in. Don't give up on your child, they need you to advacte for them. Do not feel pressured into inappropriate action by them. Inappropriate treatment is no exscue for blantant ignorance."
"I have a 14 year old daughter who has nonverbal learning disabilities or visual and auditory processing disorder. COuld you recommend a high school for her in Virginia? It has been a real struggle with school especially as she progress into the 8th grade. "
"Hi Debra, We too have a 14 year old son who was diagnosed with NVLD and anxiety a few years ago. We have been struggling to find a school for him that will be the right fit. We live in the Baltimore area as well and looked at several schools before deciding on one in Rockville. We want to make a change for High School though. I would love to chat with you and exchange info and /or ideas. Diane"
"Debra, This website is The Maryland Association of NonPublic Special Education Facilities. Just click on the map for Baltimore County, look at the private schools, the class/age ranges they deal with, and look at the 'Disabilities Served' Section. I'm not sure where NLD would fall under the 'Disabilities Served' section, but this website is a great resource. Also, I've heard great things about Forbush in Baltimore County from other sources but you'd have to probably call and see if they deal with NLD and Anxiety."
"My 14 year-old son was diagnosed with NLD, and generalized anxiety disorder when he was 10. We have been trying to work with his middle school via his 504 plan accommodations. It seems that some of his teachers really try to comply with his accommodations and others don't. We've never really established an ideal learning environment for him. He is starting high school next year and we have been looking for private/ specialty schools that will better suit his needs. We live in Baltimore county Md. and have been unable to find much out there for NLD kids. Does anyone know of a school that would suit an NLD child? Does anyone know of an organization or website that helps parents find schools that suit these exceptional kids? Thank you! Debra"
"Hello, I am a sixteen yr. old who has lived with NLD all my life, but I didn't get diagnosed with it until last year. I've struggled with school pretty much my entire life, and I couldn't understand why. I got held back in eigth grade because I was struggling academically and socially. Kids like me with NLD really do need help asap, even if it is harder to diagnose them in their younger years. If I had gotten help earlier I might not be struggling to fit into a world I can't comprehend. I am better socially now though, because I found my passion, choir. It's how I make friends and it's where I feel accepted. I've never been as passionate about anything as I have been with choir. So to the parents of other NLD kids, I think the best thing you can give them is love and acceptance. And if they can find that one thing they are passionate about like me, I think they can work through anything else NLD might cause."
"This article describes my child perfectly. He was diagnosed with NLVD at 16 1/2 after many years of misdiagnosis of ADD/ADHD. While he has a very high IQ, he did not do well in high school and has gotten his GED after homeschooling his 11th and 12th grade years. He has tried college, but he has dropped out and feels like such a failure because he could not pass. Now, we are trying to find a college that will cater to this learning disability and give him some academic success. At 20, he is extremely depressed and needs to do something to boost him to his potential."
"My son is now 22. Here's a tip on how to help with reading problems. My son would focus on to the point of obsession on one subject as a toddler. His interest was trains. So, whatever his interest was as he grew and developed, that was the subject of the books I bought him to read. He had no interests in the standard books you and I read. So, give them books they want to read. He ended up reading them all with little help from me. He eventually used those skills to read other books in college! YES! He has his AA and is on the Dean's List! I never thought he could go to college so there is great potential for children with NLD. He still lacks social skills and that's our biggest challenge now. How to be pleasant...hmmmm. "
"My daughter is an adult who has suffered with NLD her whole life, but I have had trouble finding a professional to help her. Can anybody recommend a Professional to work with her in the Washington D.C area? "
"My advice concerning self-esteem in children and adults with NLD is to try different extra-curricular activities or hobbies in a class setting until the NLDer finds something he/she enjoys. I have NLD and being allowed to try different things is very important in helping relieve stress and figuring out who we are. This, in turn, helps us find a future career and improves self-esteem because we've found something we're good at doing."
"My son wasn't diagnosed until he had to repeat the 8th grade. For years, I thought he had a behavioral problem--but that was his cover up for feeling dumb. I complained to my doctor that I suspected my son had a learning disability, but that his school was no help. She referred me to a University of Illinois' Neuropscychologist who was simply fantastic. Not only was she able to diagnose him through a series of tests, her report was so thorough that the school district didn't bother having him re-tested. It also helped that U of I is a reputable institution. He was able to get an IEP which is good for 3 years at which time he will be re-evaluated and the IEP will be adjusted to fit him academically as needed. A huge burden has been lifted. This doctor even explained to my son that none of this is his fault and that it's just how he is wired. He is doing much better."
"I have a son who was diagnosed with NLD this year. I could really use some help with his self esteem. Any suggestions?"
"My son was diagnosed as having Dyspraxia by a neurologist at the age of 9, a LD diagnosis more commonly used in the UK. At the age of 12 we were told that NLD would fit if needed for IEP. Does any one know the difference, is based on diagnostic criteria or is one a medical term and the other psycho/educational ? "
"my daug. is 15 n the 8th grade and is still failing i hav tried everything she has all the systoms of a NLD child ineed 2 no how 2 get her the proper help she needs before its 2 late. we live n cincinnati ohio please help."
"Well since I have NVLD and have lived with it for 15 years i do know a bit about my problem albeit it is mild , i live in the UK so it may be a little different to USA Education Authorities , What I find is disgraceful is that teachers cannot pick up on a kid having NVLD because it is invisible until they are older , you did not mention that... .and plus trouble with lighting change and worrying too much !! "
"I liked the article above, a great work book for parents, teachers and therapist is 'The Source Book for Non Verbal Learning Disorders' author is Sue Thompson. The author was a special education teacher and I believe (I might be wrong here) she had a child who had this. Any rate this book will prove to be an invaluable resource. I kept one at home, made many copies of selected sections for teachers, therapist and used it as a resource during IEP meetings. I purchased copies for selected therapist and doctors who were trying to understand the dynamics of it. The book is spot on and is a wonderful resource. It will help you help your child. This book will help you educate the educators. If this site will allow it my web site is is is an outgrowth of having to deal with this issue in particular in my family. I hope this information helps someone. That book was like a Bible to me. As you can see I highly recommend it. Can't say enough good things about it."
"I feel like I am screaming and nobody hears me. My son has NLD and he is 8. It hurts so bad as he cannot make friends. He wants to and tries to but it never works out. He is very shy and sweet, stinks at sports and kids don't want to include him. I hate it, I have always taught my kids to be kind to everyone even if they are different from you. It seems like kids don't get taught that and it hurts me. Why don't parents and kids get it that everyone wants and needs a friend, they might just have trouble getting there. I just wish kids would give him a chance. Does anyone know what I mean? Sad Mom"
"Hello I am students of exceptional children. I want to know information more about Rote verbal and expressive and receptive language skills of nonverbal learning disabilities. Can I have your catalog or brochure about it? Best regards. Sisterly setare "
"NLD is a distinct disorder, just ask me, I have had problems all my life and it wasn't my fault."
"Our son was diagnosed NLD last summer. And I have been researching ever since. I appears that all the experts and schools are either on the West or East Coast. I, unfortunately, am just South of Cleveland, Ohio. I have been attempting to educate the educators on NLD. 98% has never heard of NLD. Our school system has one other child (elementary) that is NLD. I am sure there are others but like our son are told they are ADHD, ADD, AS.... What is the best way to obtain information on the number of NLD children in my area? This info is confidential so schools and doctors will not be a source of help. Do I put an ad in the newspaper? All help and suggestions/direction is appreciated. Thank you Nancy A. Motl a/k/a Mom on a Mission!"