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By GreatSchools Staff
First graders build on skills they developed in kindergarten. They should get practice walking, running, hopping, jumping, leaping, galloping, sliding, skipping, dodging, landing, turning, and side-stepping. In group activities, kids should learn how to move and change direction quickly. The teacher might call out directions for the group to walk backward before giving a signal to switch to skipping forward. Kids will start to become aware of their own personal space — and should learn to respect that of others.
Jump ropes make for a great first-grade physical activity — kids can go fast, go slow, or vary the pace. “Jumping rope is a universal game that has skills rooted in many sports,” says Kaiser. When they’re tired of jumping, kids can try obstacle courses, which integrate a variety of sports equipment, skills, and concepts. Group activities, like parachute play, dance, or old-fashioned tag, are also an option.
Children should also work to improve their throwing, catching, and kicking skills. They should learn the proper technique to throw both overhand and underhand. Kids can practice their ball skills by bouncing a ball using one or two hands, hitting a ball off a tee, or kicking balls with their feet.
In PE first graders should balance, sit, kneel, squat, stand, bend, sway, rock, swing, turn, twist, push, and pull.
Kaiser suggests turning a trip to the playground into a miniature adventure. “Children love to show off their skill and strength on playground equipment. Some supervision and help may be necessary, but it provides a good way to interact with your child. As a parent, look around at the different equipment and realize the apparatus is developed for your child to grow in strength and coordination. Swinging, climbing, hand-over-hand bars are great examples of equipment designed for your child’s development.”
First graders should learn about teamwork and relationships by cooperating with partners and playing in groups. Young kids should also learn how to follow the rules of these activities — rules that include sharing, taking turns, and assisting other teammates.
Updated July 2010
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