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Avoiding Homework Wars

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By Diana Browning Wright, M.S.

How Much Time Should It Take?

If your child has problems focusing on a task, writes slowly, or needs more time to understand concepts, homework can take a lot longer. No wonder she protests, tries to delay, hides the work, or doesn't turn it in at school! Sometimes just your sympathy can help.

Be sure the amount of time she's expected to work at home is appropriate for her age. Some schools, for example, expect 30-45 minutes per night in the early grades, increasing to one hour in late elementary school and two hours by middle school. Learn about your school's homework policy for each grade level.

By keeping track of how long it really takes your child to do her homework, you'll have specific information to share with her teachers. If the amount of time exceeds the school's homework policy, meet with her teacher to discuss what accommodations might be made to help your child succeed with homework.

How Can Parents Help?

  • Remember that homework is a form of practice, so don't expect your child to do all the assignments perfectly. Reassure her that everyone makes mistakes and that mistakes help guide the next steps in the learning process.

  • Encourage your child to talk to you about what she finds hard or confusing. Listen to her ideas on what would make homework easier.

  • Model and help your child learn good organization and time management skills.

  • If assignments seem endless, break them into smaller parts. For a young child, fold worksheets into two or three parts to reduce feelings of being overwhelmed. For older students, have them highlight sections of the assignment in different colors, green - first part, yellow - second part, red - last.

  • Visually communicate progress towards completion. Take a small strip of paper and divide it into four to eight parts. Periodically, come by with an encouraging word and draw a star or make a check in one of the sections. The chart and homework should be completed at the same time. Then give her a reward, such as a "high 5" or a hug.

  • Let her choose a pleasurable activity she can do immediately following homework, e.g., playing a game with the family, listening to a favorite story or CD, talking to a friend on the phone. Make sure the activity is one she's chosen so it motivates her to finish the work.

  • Above all, try to keep negative emotions out of interactions around homework. If you're feeling challenged by your child's frustrating behavior, try to find out the causes.

Comments from GreatSchools.org readers

01/25/2010:
"It's difficult to avoid The Homework Wars when they're raging all around us. Many parents are questioning the value, purpose and amount of homework even while other parents see homework as an important part of their child's growth and education. In reality, few studies suggest any real value to homework and two books have been written summarizing what research has to say about homework. Their titles explain what they found 'The End of Homework' and 'The Myth of Homework.' The research done on homework suggests also that more and more of it is being assigned. Schools try to mirror real life and 'multi-tasking' is a popular buzz word in modern society. While homework may once have been for practice and not need to be perfect, modern homework includes frequent projects that will be graded for their quality. And modern education tends to hotly defend homework as 'character building' and believes it 'teaches responsibility'. With heavy phrases such as those, teachers must believe that homework's not just for practice anymore and -there's a lot of being given. There's no sure cure or easy solution. Some children have strong skills and solid attention spans and they persevere and do the homework no matter how long it takes. Other children struggle. Any child after being in school all day may find doing homework hard. Children and play go together. A child who isn't given good time in his/her day to be a child and to play is likely not going to have the extra energy it takes to sit down and do more work in the evening after having worked all day in school. They used to say 'All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy but old saying such as that have been tossed aside for multi-tasking."
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