What are Dolch sight words? Back in 1936, Edward William Dolch published these words in a journal (and later published them in his 1948 book Problems in Reading). The entire list consists of 220 words, split into smaller lists by grade from preschool to third grade and this list of 95 nouns. These 220 words are estimated to appear in 75 percent of all children’s books. Because they appear so often, they are also called high-frequency words. Some of these words can be sounded out, others cannot. The idea is that because they appear so often, it helps young children who are learning to read to recognize these words on sight, or memorize them, hence the name sight words.
When children are learning to read, the four key reading skills are decoding, fluency, comprehension, and knowledge. The ability to decode (or sound out) words is an important part of becoming a fluent reader. But if kids can memorize some of these words that they see over and over again, it can make it less daunting or frustrating to stop and sound out new words. Being able to recognize high-frequency or sight words can help kids better understand what is being read because they stop less, too. In other words, memorizing sight words can help young kids carry on as they learn to read.
Dolch sight word nouns