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GreatKids State Test Guide for Parents

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See what skills are tested, understand your child's scores, and get ideas for how you can help at home.


5th grade
ELA/Literacy Skills

Fifth graders’ thinking, writing, and speaking is becoming more organized! You’ll notice, for example, that they use introductions, quotations, and conclusions to present information clearly.


What it means
How to help

What they're learning

Fifth graders should be diving into so-called “complex” text with confidence. For example, because of longer sentences and a story that deals with loss, A Wrinkle in Time is considered complex fifth grade fiction.

To make sense of new words, kids should look for clues in what they’re reading. For example, they might look for a definition within the text or try substituting an easier word that they suspect means the same thing.

To help them understand the main idea, fifth graders should look closely at how the material they’re reading is organized. They should look at details, too, and think about how those details support the main idea. For example, in a text about Helen Keller dedicating her adult life to helping others, there should be details that help make the main point, like her founding the ACLU and sticking up for people with disabilities.

Watch how a teacher gets fifth graders to show what they’re learning as they read.

Want to know more?

Fifth graders are expected to think deeply about what they read. In fiction, they should analyze a character’s traits and think about how those contribute to his actions. In nonfiction, they might analyze why certain information is organized under separate headings and chapters.

Students are expected to read several books or articles on the same subject and take notes, gathering the most important information. Fifth graders should be able to quote directly from what they’ve read to support their ideas during class discussions and in their writing.

Kids continue to work with figurative language, such as metaphors (a comparison of two unlike things: life is a highway) and similes (a comparison using like or as: brave as a lion).

Figurative language can be especially challenging for English learners. First they need to learn the literal meaning of the words, then they can try interpreting symbolism in phrases. (Imagine trying to understand the elephant in the room if you were learning English!)

If your child didn't meet the reading standard...

  • Your child may not give evidence for his thinking or he may reference facts that aren’t directly connected to the main idea.
  • Your child may not include quotes from the text in her writing.
  • Your child may struggle to understand figurative language (metaphors, similes), leading him to misunderstand important ideas in the text he’s reading.
How to help

Make sure your child reads every day

A fifth grader struggling to understand the main idea of a text needs a lot of reading practice with modern classics like Holes or Because of Winn-Dixie and articles from online sources like Newsela. Fifth graders should be reading at least 30 minutes a day. Children who are behind need to spend extra time reading at and above their level in preparation for sixth grade, which can be a difficult year. Here are some high-level and interesting books for your fifth grader.

Family reading time

Want to know one of the most powerful ways to inspire your child to read? Read for your own pleasure! Seeing you read the morning newspaper, a book before bed, or a favorite blog goes a long way toward showing your child how reading can enrich a person’s life. Establish a regular 30-minute (or more) family reading time (daily is best, but weekly can work). Everyone in the family has a book, magazine, or tablet to read. When the time ends, ask everyone to share what they learned.

Questions to ask your child about what he reads

The best way to help your child understand what he reads is to talk about it. Ask your child:

  • What’s the story about? (For nonfiction: What’s the main point?)
  • Why did the author write this part?
  • What do you think this word means?
  • What questions do you have after reading this?

Build a big vocabulary, one word at a time

Your child should learn about 2,000 new words in fifth grade — and most of these new words should come from what he reads. When your fifth grader finds a new word, he should try to figure out what it means. Here’s how:

  • Your child can try to figure out what the new word means from the context of the sentence or paragraph it’s used in.
  • Your child should use the book’s glossary (if there is one).
  • Your child should look up the word in a dictionary or thesaurus.

Practice, practice, practice

These lessons at will give your fifth grader some practical experience reading a variety of subjects, finding evidence, determining the main ideas, and using clues in the text to improve her skills. And check out these books that come with discussion guides so you can work with your child on those reading necessary skills.

Watch how a teacher guides a fifth grader through the process of figuring out new words.

Help your child with academic vocabulary

It’s important for fifth graders to build their academic vocabulary. These are words that are used often, in many subjects, but can be hard to define, such as approximate, frequent, and escalate. Academic vocabulary is also more precise, like saying announced, claimed, or concluded instead of said. Check out this list for more academic vocabulary words to use with your fifth grader.

To increase your fifth grader’s academic vocabulary, introduce a new word every day. Tell your child to look up the new word and have him find another word that means the same thing. Next, ask your child to make up a sentence using the word. For fun, help your child start a daily word journal where he creates a sentence using each day’s new word. Maybe he’d like to draw a picture to illustrate his sentence. The more memorable the sentence, the better!

Practice figurative language

To understand figurative language, like metaphors and similes, kids need lots of practice. As you read books and watch TV together, point out examples of figurative language, like shake it off. As your child learns a new phrase, like strong as an ox, ask her to use it in a sentence. See if you can find 10 or 15 examples in one week.

Here are four teacher-recommended books that use lots of figurative language:

The Giving Tree by Shel Silverstein
The Phantom Tollbooth by Norton Juster
Fair Weather by Richard Peck
Snicker of Magic by Natalie Lloyd

Talk to your child’s teacher

Fifth graders need to be pretty good at identifying the main point, drawing conclusions, and finding evidence in what they read. Ask your child’s teacher about each of these skills. Is your child quick to identify the main point? Does she tend to draw the right conclusions? When your child points to evidence, is it the strongest example, or more of an extra detail? Knowing your child’s strengths and weaknesses will help you figure out the best ways to help him build these skills.


What it means
How to help

What they're learning

Writing and reading go hand in hand. Fifth graders need to use information they read in books and articles as evidence in their writing to support their main idea. When writing, your child should both quote and paraphrase information they’ve read.

Your fifth grader’s writing should be organized. Kids need to clearly introduce their topic and present related information in the form of a few clear, well thought-out paragraphs. They should draw on facts, definitions, concrete details, quotes, and examples from their research to thoroughly develop their topic. At this age, students should use advanced linking words (e.g., in contrast, especially) to form compound and complex sentences that convey their points. To wrap it up, your child should have a well-reasoned conclusion.

See what the writing process looks like for a fifth grader.

As their vocabulary grows, fifth graders need to use new words they’ve learned to give more accurate descriptions. For example, instead of David said, they might write David bellowed to better portray David’s mood.

Whether telling a story (narrative writing), writing a report (informational writing), or convincing the reader of their point of view (opinion writing), fifth graders should be able to revise their own work to catch errors and improve how their writing flows.

See what teachers are looking for in your fifth grader’s writing.

Want to know more?

Fifth graders are full of ideas! It can be hard for them to keep focused on just one, but that is what they need to do. It’s important for students to read their work aloud to hear how it sounds. It’s a good way for them to double-check that they are explaining ideas clearly and that their sentences are complete. This is usually when kids notice errors or missing information. Their expanding vocabulary should help them choose the best words to describe their ideas.

Read a few real-life examples of fifth grade nonfiction writing.

If your child didn't meet the writing standard...

  • Your child may have trouble clearly stating a main idea.
  • Your child may not be staying focused on a main idea or may not be clearly explaining his idea.
  • Your child may struggle to select relevant evidence when trying to support her main idea.
  • Your child may not be re-reading and revising his work, leaving errors or missing information.
How to help

Make writing fun

Writing should be fun! Find out what your child enjoys reading (comics, funny poems, letters, stories, etc.) and ask her to try writing in that format. Remember to celebrate your child’s ideas.

  • Be a biographer — Have your child write a short bio about a family member, friend, or even a pet. Make sure he includes a topic sentence and relevant details. Then, let him share his work with the subject. Grandma (or Fido) will love it!
  • Authentic audience — Encourage your child to write to a fan club or a kids’ magazine. Look for local essay contests or ask her to write a letter to the editor about a cause she is passionate about (opinion writing).
  • Pros and cons — Your child should practice thinking about the pros and cons of two ideas. Take having ice cream versus a bowl of fruit for dessert, for example. Ask your child to list the pros and cons of each and have him consider these reasons when making a final decision.
  • Talk it out — Before putting the pencil to the page, encourage your child to talk about what she’s going to write. Talking helps writers organize their thoughts and makes the actual writing easier.

Clarify that, please

Use these tools at to understand what’s expected of a fifth grader when the test and teacher talk about informative/explanatory, argumentative, or narrative writing. Also have her try the WriteAlong to practice.

Talk to your child’s teacher

Fifth graders may struggle to stay focused on their writing topic. Ask your child’s teacher for organizing strategies you can use at home to help keep your child’s related ideas grouped together.

Speaking & Listening

What it means
How to help

What they're learning

Fifth graders know how to talk! But they also need to know how to listen. They should be speaking in complete sentences and listening attentively to their peers during classroom discussions. They should share their own insights, add to the ideas their classmates share, and come to their own conclusions based on what they’ve read and heard during discussions.

At this age, students should be able to give summaries of ideas they hear in audio or video. They should also be able to cite evidence to support their ideas while talking. For example, after watching a narrated video about the body language of elephants, fifth graders should be able to conclude that elephants have their own ways of communicating and note that the elephant’s head waggle means it wants to play.

Want to know more?

After hearing a presentation or class discussion, fifth graders should be able to identify the key ideas and most relevant information. When they’re speaking, even in group discussions, students should use words and phrases that best express their ideas, which often means using new vocabulary.

Fifth graders work on their speaking and listening skills in whole-class and small-group discussions. The state test, however, only covers listening skills (at least for now).

For the test, fifth graders listen to a recording and answer questions about the main idea to demonstrate their ability to listen attentively and capture the most important ideas.

If your child didn't meet the listening standard...

  • Your child may struggle to recognize the main idea among the many ideas presented in a recording.
  • Your child may struggle to cite evidence from the recording that supports his main idea.
  • Your child may be confused by new words used in the presentation or words with multiple meanings.
How to help

Best ways to help your child

  • Answer questions with questions — If your child asks you about something he heard at school (e.g., the cafeteria food is changing), ask him to tell you about it. What does he thinks it’s all about? What has he heard? Getting your child to answer questions can give you a good idea of what he understands and how he explains his point of view. It’s okay to share your ideas, too, but make sure it’s a two-way conversation, with questions and follow-up questions.
  • What’s the news? — Turn on PBS or The Discovery Channel, watch a segment of a show, and then pause the show and talk about it. Ask your child: What is the most important part of what we watched? Why? What would be a good title for the segment?
  • Play newscaster — Have your child pick an article on Time for Kids (or another kids’ magazine or website) to read aloud to you. Tell her to practice reading with expression, like a TV newscaster. When she comes to the end of the article, have her give her commentary on the news she just read. She should recap the main ideas, put them in context, and then tell the viewer (you) what sort of follow-up she’ll be doing in her next broadcast.

Talk to your child’s teacher

Fifth graders need to be able to restate the main idea and details of what they hear. Ask your child’s teacher what questions to ask to prompt your child to summarize or paraphrase what he hears.


What it means
How to help

What they're learning

Fifth graders should be doing research using print and online sources. They need to use the information they find to support their ideas in discussions and when they’re writing.

Kids should be able to summarize what they read and consider which facts or details — including information from charts, timelines, and graphs — best support their ideas.

Taking notes becomes a pretty big deal in fifth grade. It’s not just writing things down; it’s remembering what information came from which source. It’s also reviewing and categorizing the new information so they can present it in a clear, organized way. For example, What did they find out about the animal’s habitat from each source?

Watch how fifth graders do research for an essay.

Want to know more?

Fifth graders learn that information comes in many formats, including books, articles, graphs, tables, and timelines. As students read a variety of sources, they should take notes, begin to identify facts that support their ideas, and use the facts as evidence when they write. To understand new words, students should become familiar with using a dictionary, and use a range of strategies such as context, root words, suffixes, and prefixes. For example, aqua means water and arium means place, so they can figure out that an aquarium is a place where fish are kept.

If your child didn't meet the research standard...

  • Your child may leave out key points when summarizing information from a source.
  • Your child may leave out important facts found in tables or timelines.
  • Your child may struggle to understand the meaning of some words in the articles and textbooks he’s using for research.
  • Your child may not be using enough evidence or may be choosing the wrong source to find supporting evidence.
How to help

Best ways to help your child

  • Follow her interests — Is your child interested in horses? Ask her to research how people care for horses. Find two sources (an article and a documentary, for example) with different points of view on the topic. Ask your child to find similarities and differences between the sources. When researching, kids should read, talk, and take notes about the topic before writing up their findings.
  • Chart it — Give your child a chart, table, graphic, or timeline and have her write the information she learns from it. Ask her to identify what seems most important. You may run across charts and such in magazines or online.
  • A line in time — Have your child draw his own timeline. For example, he could draw a timeline of his life from birth to now. Have him show key memories on the timeline: getting a sibling, starting school, losing a tooth. Timelines can cover shorter periods, too. For example, have your child create a timeline of his typical school day.

Talk about the stories

This list of books chosen with fifth graders in mind also comes with a guide to discussing each book! You’ll know exactly how to get your child chatting.

Talk to your child’s teacher

Fifth graders may struggle to recognize which information would be best to use in their writing. Ask your child’s teacher what questions to ask to help your child connect facts to his writing topic.

5th grade

Fifth grade is all about that base — base 10, that is — and understanding place value to the thousandths. Students also conquer division of fractions and measuring a shape’s volume.

Concepts & Procedures

What it means
How to help

What they're learning

In fifth grade, students learn to add and subtract fractions with different denominators (the bottom numbers) and mixed numbers (a whole number with a fraction, such as 4 25) by finding common denominators. For example: 23 + 34 is the same as 812 + 912, which equals 1712 or 1 512.

Watch how a fifth grader finds the common denominators in fractions.

Students move into multiplying fractions and dividing whole numbers by unit fractions (12, 13, 14, 16, etc.) and the reverse: dividing unit fractions by whole numbers. For example, dividing 8 by 12 is really asking how many times 12 can fit into 8. The answer is 16. Dividing 12 by 8 asks how to break down 12 into 8 smaller fractions. The answer is 116.

Students quickly realize two rules they can use for quick mental math:

  1. When two whole numbers greater than 0 are multiplied, the product will always be equal to or higher than the starting numbers. (Example: 2 x 3 = 6. Note that 6 is greater than both 2 and 3.)
  2. When a whole number greater than 0 is multiplied by a fraction less than one, the product is smaller than the whole number. (Example: 2 x 13 = 23 . Note that 23 is less than 2.)

Watch how these fifth graders explain how to multiply fractions.

Fifth graders also need to understand that decimals are another way of showing fractions — for example: .25 is equivalent to 25100 or 14. At this age, kids learn to think about place value of numbers with decimals to the thousandths place with a new understanding of base 10. This means really understanding that a number in the tens place represents ten times as many as it would in the ones place. It also means that a number in the hundredths place represents 1100 of the value it would in the ones place. For example, 345.67 can also be expressed as (3 x 100) + (4 x 10) + (5 x 1) + (6 x 110 ) + (7 x 1100).

By the end of fifth grade, students need to fluently add and subtract numbers with decimals to the hundredths place. (For example, 345.67 + 7.89 and 456.78 – 234.56.) They also need to be able to multiply and divide numbers with decimals to hundredths place with multi-digit whole numbers. (For example: 540.25 x 318 and 678.99 ÷ 213).

This is also the year that students delve deeper into geometry by learning how to measure the volume of a right rectangular prism (a 3D shape with six rectangular sides). For example, think about figuring out how many 1-foot-square boxes can fit in a truck. Imagine that the truck is a cube, and the boxes fill it to the top without any open space inside. Kids learn to multiply the shape’s width x its height x its length to find the volume.

If your child didn’t meet the concepts and procedures standard...

  • Your child may struggle to understand how place value is related to base 10. (See sample problem 1.)
  • Your child may understand the ones, tens, and hundreds place but get tripped up by the place value of decimals, particularly when he’s asked to add and subtract numbers with tenths, hundredths, and thousandths.
  • Your child may not know how to find a common denominator for two fractions in order to add and subtract. (See sample problems 2 and 3.)
  • Your child may need practice multiplying fractions, dividing whole numbers by fractions, and dividing fractions by whole numbers. (See sample problems 4 and 5.)
  • Your child may need help understanding how to find the volume of a right rectangular prism. (See sample problem 6.)

Sample problems

Understanding place value and base 10

Children get their earliest foundation of place value in kindergarten when they begin working with numbers from 11 to 19. By the end of fifth grade, students need to understand place value for decimals to the thousandths place. Students are taught to make sense of this by breaking down the number this way:

853.5 = (8 x 100) + (5 x 10) + (3 x 1) + (5 x .1) = 800 + 50 + 3 + .5 = 853.5.

Sample problem 1: Place value



Students need to understand place value in order to compare decimals. This number line question shows what students may be asked to do on a test.

Sample problem 2: Comparing decimals


Adding and subtracting fractions with different denominators using equivalent fractions

Fifth graders make a big jump in fractions. In fourth grade, they learned about equivalent fractions (such as 12 = 24 = 36 = 48, etc.). Fifth graders need this knowledge of equivalent fractions to add and subtract fractions. Here’s a sample problem that requires students to show this understanding.

Sample problem 3: Finding a common denominator and adding fractions


Multiplying fractions including mixed numbers

Fifth graders learn to multiply a fraction, like 13, times a mixed number, like 2 113.

Sample problem 4: Multiplying fractions and mixed numbers



Dividing fractions by whole numbers and unit fractions

Fifth graders are expected to become proficient at dividing whole numbers by fractions and vice versa.

Sample problem 5: Dividing whole numbers by unit fractions (and vice versa)


Finding the volume of geometric shapes

In fifth grade, students learn that volume is the space inside a three-dimensional object, and they learn to calculate the volume of right rectangular prisms by multiplying length x width x height. For this problem, students have to imagine that they’re filling each rectangular prism to the top with 1-centimeter (cm) cubes.

Sample problem 6: Finding the volume of right rectangular prisms


How to help

Start with a great attitude

In a world without math, you couldn’t count your money, your children, or your blessings — not necessarily in that order. Need another reason to share the joy of math? Research shows that when parents communicate their math anxiety, their children struggle in math class. So turn that minus sign into a plus — at least when you’re with your kids.

Sprinkle math into everyday activities

  • Experimenting with volume in everyday life is a great way to get your fifth grader to feel comfortable with the concept. Ask your child to figure out how much lunch he could take to school by having him find the volume of his lunch box.
  • What fraction of the day does your child spend watching TV? Sleeping? Doing homework? Figure these out together and talk about how you arrived at the answers.
  • Next time you’re going somewhere, have your child be the navigator using your phone. Ask her to compare the distances in decimals (on the phone) to the fractions (on the freeway signs). Challenge your child by asking questions that get her converting fractions to decimals — and then back to fractions again.

Boost those skills

Talk to your child’s teacher

Is your child on track to succeed in fifth grade math? Ask the teacher! If not, what are his strengths and weaknesses? Find out how you can help your child work on weak areas at home.

Problem Solving & Modeling/Data Analysis

What it means
How to help

What they're learning

By fifth grade, students should be able to read a word problem and start figuring out the solution in their heads. That’s known as thinking skills (or mathematical reasoning), which students develop as they learn to pick up clues in the language and rules of math. Students are expected to use the different strategies they’ve learned to analyze the problem, determine the steps to take, and find the solution. This takes trial and error and a lot of perseverance.

Using modeling and data analysis skills, fifth graders should create diagrams, graphs, charts, and tables to identify the important numbers or quantities and show how they’re connected.

If the problem asks how much remains, for example, fifth graders know they’ll be using subtraction. If they’re asked how many times greater one number is than another, students should know they’ll be multiplying.

Fifth graders are also expected to estimate answers based on rules they’ve learned about fractions and place value. For example, the product of a whole number multiplied by a fraction that’s less than 1 will always be a number that’s less than the whole number.

See how fifth graders estimate answers to word problems.

If your child didn’t meet the problem solving & modeling/data analysis standard...

  • Your child may have a hard time making sense of a word problem and, once he’s stuck, may get frustrated and not be able to persevere to get to a solution. (See sample problem 1.)
  • Your child may have a hard time choosing the best representation to use (chart, table, graph, etc.) to make sense of the data. (See sample problems 1 and 2.)
  • Your child may struggle with mathematical reasoning, such as recognizing patterns, rules, and clues, to decide what procedures or tools to use in solving a problem, and whether the solution makes sense. (See sample problem 2.)

Sample problems

Word problems

Think about how you use math in your life. Probably not a day goes by that you don’t compute, calculate, or count. Which gas station is cheaper if one charges less per gallon than another but charges you a fee to use your bank card? If there are seven of us for dinner and we’ll each eat ⅓ pound of chicken, how many pounds do I need to buy? Knowing how to think through complex problems is an important life skill. By the end of fifth grade, students should be able to analyze situations that arise in their lives and figure out the best strategy for finding the solution.

Sample problem 1: Making sense of a word problem, picking the right operations, and persevering to solve it


Mathematical reasoning

Numbers are second nature. As babies, we learn to connect numbers to something tangible — a picture of three bears, three stuffed animals in the crib. Visual models are an important tool for understanding math. Students are expected to progress from counting toys to creating charts, graphs, tables, diagrams, and number lines.

Sample problem 2: Analyzing complex, real-world situations and using models to solve them


How to help

Start with a great attitude

You know the saying: children learn by example. Even if you’re one of the people who suffer from math anxiety, it’s best for your child to keep that dread under wraps. Instead, try to embrace math and show your child how useful it is in everyday life.

Sprinkle math into everyday activities

  • Is your child the artsy type? Maybe his art skills can come in handy in his math homework. If he gets stuck on a word problem, suggest he draw a picture to help him visualize the scenario.
  • Help your child see how you use problem solving in everyday life. For example, Let’s say you’re ordering pizza for 7 people. A medium pizza costs $12.50 and has 8 slices. Tell her you want to make sure there’s enough pizza for everyone to have at least 3 slices. Have her figure out how many medium pizzas you need to order and what the total cost will be.
  • Have a family math game night! Pump up those reasoning and strategy skills playing Mastermind.

Boost those skills

Talk to your child’s teacher

We tell our children to ask their teacher for help; we can (and should) do it, too. Set up a meeting with your child’s teacher and ask for ideas to help your child develop her problem solving abilities.

Communicating Reasoning

What it means
How to help

What they're learning

In fifth grade, students are expected to look at how other students solve problems and then evaluate their classmates’ strategies and critique their reasoning.

Fifth graders are expected to do more than find the answer — they’re expected to defend their work by creating a logical and convincing argument using charts, graphs, and other models. They also have to flip that process around to critique their classmates’ work and explain why they think it’s correct or incorrect. This process requires students to apply all the math skills they’ve learned to analyze a problem, identify the steps necessary to solve it, and be able to explain the mathematical reasoning behind their approach.

Watch how fifth graders explain whether they agree or disagree with a classmate’s solutions and why.

If your child didn’t meet the communicating reasoning standard...

  • Your child may know how to solve a mathematical equation on a worksheet or in a textbook (such as multiplying and dividing a fraction), but not fully understand when to use one procedure over another in a word problem.
  • Your child may have difficulty supporting his work or critiquing classmates’ work with clear, logical arguments and models.
  • Your child may be having trouble reading the problem, understanding what she’s reading, and/or verbalizing her thinking. Some kids may need to learn to slow down and/or re-read the problem. Other kids may need more help processing the problem and/or expressing their thoughts. If slowing down and re-reading doesn’t help your child, talk to your child’s teacher about getting your child some extra help. (You may also want to read more about the signs of a reading issue.)

Sample problems

Oh yeah? Prove it! Kids say that to each other all the time. One way fifth graders have to prove things (at least in math) is by creating charts, tables, graphs, and other visuals that contain the important data, are organized to show how the numbers or quantities relate to each other, and illustrate how they worked out a problem.

Sample problem 1: Constructing clear and logical arguments to support their work


Students are also expected to learn from each other under the new standards. By critiquing each other’s work in a safe and respectful manner, fifth graders may find that they’ve made similar mistakes. This process also helps them learn how to construct clear and logical arguments to support correct answers and explain the problems that lead to incorrect answers.

Sample problem 2: Critiquing a classmate’s problem solving


How to help

Start with a great attitude

Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference. That quote by Winston Churchill is great advice for all things in life, especially learning math! This is doubly true when it comes to “communicating reasoning,” since it involves kids using their powers of persuasion to explain and stand up for their thinking.

Sprinkle math into everyday activities

  • Defend your math. Whenever your child says or does anything involving numbers, quantities, or money, ask him to explain what he did and why it was right, and then let him do the same to you. It could be as simple as asking how he knows he received the right amount of change at a store, or it may require a bit more thought, such as why you chose one cell phone plan over another. Don’t spring these questions on your child as a surprise, though. Tell your child that you’re going to start asking questions like these to boost his logic skills so everyone knows that it’s all in fun and not an interrogation.

Boost those skills

  • When completing homework, ask your child to explain her thinking. Encourage her to solve the problem using a different strategy. Some strategies to encourage your child’s thinking include using a number line, drawing illustrations, or explaining her reasoning in writing.
  • Talking to your child about math is easier (and more fun) than you think. Here are two resources to help you get started: 1) Watch the first few of minutes of this Teaching Channel video to see how a teacher gets students to talk about their mathematical reasoning; and 2) Print out these Math Talk bookmarks! They’re a subtle reminder to talk about mathematical reasoning in everyday life.
  • Decimals, fractions, ratios — oh my! These 13 skill-builder games and activities at Be a Learning Hero will help your fifth grader master these and more.

Talk to your child’s teacher

Learning is complicated. Your child may be great at memorizing things, like which step goes first, but struggle to communicate why she’s following those steps. See if the teacher has ideas about how you can help your child practice communicating her thoughts so she’ll be able to share her reasoning in math class.

About GreatKids State Test Guide for Parents

GreatKids created this guide to help you understand your child's state test scores and to support your child's learning all year long. We worked with SBAC and leading teachers in every grade to break down what your child needs to know and exactly how you can help

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