# Simple ways to build math skills at home

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By Kathy Rank, Consulting Educator

Use these tips to build your child's math skills.

Do you like math or does it make you anxious? Your feelings about math can greatly influence your child's perception of math. Help your child enjoy math by talking about it in a positive manner. Think out loud when you are using math skills so your child will hear your thinking process. Let her know that there are multiple ways to solve problems.

## Problem solving with real-world math

Math has evolved from the computation we most likely experienced in math class to an emphasis on problem solving. Computation is still important, but it is used to solve real- life problems. The emphasis is generally on math processes that enable your child to learn multiple strategies to become a proficient problem solver. Model the importance of math in the real world and encourage your child to help when you:

• Pay bills
• Estimate the cost of the groceries in your cart
• Determine how much food to buy or make for a party
• Double a recipe or cut a recipe in half
• Figure the cost of lunch at a restaurant
• Calculate the cost of school lunch for the week or month
• Determine how long your child will need to save his allowance in order to buy a particular item
• Determine the number of miles driven in X hours
• Determine how long it will take to drive home going X mph
• Figure the cost of X number of minutes of cell phone use if you pay X cents/minutes
• Determine how many gallons of gas you can buy with X dollars
• Determine how many chocolate chips are needed if X number of cookies each has 3 chocolate chips

## Games that build number sense

Play games with your child to reinforce number sense. Try Racko by Hasbro. This game involves putting numbered cards in order from greatest to least. Yahtzee is perfect for working on multiplication facts and reinforcing addition skills. There are many fun card and dice games that utilize math skills.

## Practice multiplication facts

Your child is expected to know multiplication facts. Have your child bounce a basketball as he says the multiples of different numbers. For example, he can practice the multiples of 9 for each bounce 9, 18, 27, 36. Then he can say them backward: 81, 72, 63, 54. Research shows that kinesthetic movement helps the brain learn facts.

Kathy Rank is a fourth-grade teacher in Piqua, Ohio. She has implemented a school program for at-risk students using community volunteers. Kathy has taught for 15 years, holds a master's degree in education and was named Ohio 2005 Teacher of the Year. She is a National Board Certified Teacher and a recipient of the Presidential Award for Math and Science Teaching.

09/12/2011:
03/25/2011:
"Bouncing a basketball doesn't do it for my daughter, but you gave me the idea of adding math facts to our clapping games. Thanks!"
10/27/2010:
"okay r there any websites where u can get math worksheets to help"
04/20/2010:
"While useful, your tips for 1st grade math are in need of updating. Specific development information for a 1st grader would be much more useful as opposed to generic information that is clearly not at the first grade level."
07/2/2008:
"Thank you so much for the suggestion on practicing Multiplication facts. I was trying to think of ways to practice this with my son. Bouncing the ball is a fabulous idea. Going backwards would give him an even greater challenge! Thank you, thank you! I appreciate the help."